“Saturday Night Fever”: A Problematic Classic in Film History


saturday night feverParamount Pictures

Something is happening in Hollywood. Something that has everyone asking, “Whoa, how did the treatment of women get so bad?!” But it’s almost like no one has bothered to watch movies ever. Which is why I think it’s important to revisit seminal films to explore how they became so vital to popular culture and what their context at the time meant for women. Art is a reflection of its society and based on this, America is a  society where women are used as props and filler.

Saturday Night Fever, which celebrated its 40th-anniversary last month, has been occasionally criticized but has still been repeatedly celebrated throughout the years. In 2001, the Library of Congress designated the 1977 film as culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. It was also selected for preservation by the National Film Registry for its impact on cinema. The film’s depiction of disco and its soundtrack, not only exposed the culture to America but created the demand for it. However, outside of all the fancy footwork, Saturday Night Fever is also one of the most sexist films I have ever seen and rewatching it after the fallout of the #metoo movement blew my mind.

In case you only saw the PG-13 version of this film on VHS (like I did while growing up) let me catch you up to speed. Saturday Night Fever is the story of a working-class version of John Travolta called Tony Manero. Tony’s life is complete garbage, but so is he. In the film’s opening sequence, he walks around strutting his stuff until he spots a hot babe and he harasses her. But he can’t waste too much time with her though because he has to run to his crappy day as a paint salesman where he makes $2.50 an hour. After his shift ends he goes home, where he lives with his out-of-touch and abusive parents who call him a loser.

Later, he goes to a disco called 2001 Odyssey which he frequents with his friends who do things like harass homosexual couples and screw random women in the backseat of their friend’s car. All the regulars at 2001 Odyssey treat Tony like a greased up god because of his slick moves on the dance floor. Enter Annette, (Donna Pescow) she’s a mix between Tony’s dance partner and an emotional punching bag. He tells her he doesn’t like her and that she needs to choose if she’s a “nice girl or a c*nt.” Then Tony sees another girl dance and “knows” she should be his without ever pausing to consider she might be an autonomous person with her own desires.

The second woman is Stephanie Mangano (Karen Gorney). Tony tracks her down and wears her out till she agrees to be his partner for 2001 Odyssey’s “big dance contest”. She agrees, but with the caveat that things stay “professional” so Tony tells Annette he has no use for her. After dancing together for a while, Tony and Stephanie become close and she asks him to help her move from Brooklyn to Manhattan. When they get to her new place, the owner is home and he kisses her on the mouth. It’s clear Stephanie has some sort of relationship with this guy and Tony slut shames her over it. She cries and cries, because she has to repent if she wants to be a good girl.

Other than this, things are going pretty well until one of Tony’s friends is beaten up by a rival gang. Like a bunch of idiotic primates, Tony and his pals bust into the home base of the Barracudas and beat everyone up. The driver, Bobby C. (Barry Miller) takes off but circles back and rescues his friends after they flee the fight. Meanwhile, Bobby C. has knocked up his girlfriend and is panicked about it. He asks to talk to Tony, but Tony’s such a narcissist monster that he blows off Bobby repeatedly.

saturday night fever 2Paramount Pictures

Finally, it’s the night of the big dance contest. Stephanie and Tony dance and they do a pretty good . But the final team goes up and they’re a Puerto Rican couple who slaaaay. Somehow, Tony wins first place anyways and becomes enraged about this. He gives the Puerto Rican couple the first place trophy and then tries to rape Stephanie. She takes off and Tony is met up by his boys and an extremely intoxicated Annette. She says she’ll have sex with Tony and all his friends. Like a real weirdo, Tony sits in the front seat of the car while Bobby drives around and their other friends take turns raping Annette. Finally, Bobby pulls over on the bridge, rants about his pregnant girlfriend and how Tony has ignored him and then throws himself off the bridge. Then Tony runs off and rides the subway until he gets to Stephanie’s place. She lets him in and they agree to be friends.

How many people need to get raped so that the guys in this film get to feel true machismo. SNF was released in 1977, in that sweet spot after the sexual revolution and before the AIDS epidemic. Any woman who tries to assert herself in this film is punished. The line between being a good girl and a c*nt is drawn so definitively that it reads like a reaction to women’s growing independence. Not one good thing happens to the women that encounter Tony and his friends. Poor Annette gets raped and then has to watch a guy jump off a bridge. Stephanie practices for weeks with Tony and because they weren’t the best on the dance floor she must be punished, so he attempts to rape her. This was such an oddity based on the fact that he never once makes a real move on a woman and when he finally does, it’s to violate her.

There is almost zero way this could be made today. At its core this film doesn’t just use women to help push forward the story of a man, it hates women. This is a film about threatening women to stay subservient to the blue-collar men who eventually settle for them or else they will end up getting violated in the backseat of a car on a bridge.

According to what I saw in this film, 1977 wasn’t fun and games in the disco scene. Instead, I saw that society at large hated women and wanted to celebrate spitting on them when they embrace their sexuality. What I learned from Saturday Night Fever didn’t make dancing or disco more attractive to me. It turned my stomach. The sickness that infected these male characters in 1977 is an ongoing epidemic we’re currently trying to eradicate.

The character of Tony Manero made John Travolta a star, but today it would have ended his along with everyone else who worked on it. There’s no redeeming quality about Tony. Tony Manero is the prototype for the good guy who turns his head. The guy who refuses to step in and explain to his friends when they’re being horrible or offensive. In Tony’s case, it’s possible he doesn’t realize they’re being monstrous most of the time, but he knew what they did to Annette was horrendous. It’s the motivating factor for his mecca to Manhattan to ask Stephanie’s forgiveness.

If this film shows us anything, it’s how the male of our species doesn’t understand the horrors of being a woman until it affects them personally. Somehow men continue to struggle with this kind of empathy. There’s a sense that they choose to relate to the needs of other men because they cannot fathom how scary it is to be a woman. This likely comes as a result of a society brainwashed by the power of toxic masculinity. Until we attack this, there will just be more women like Stephanie and Annette who are simply background noise for a man who uses their tragedies to grow.

Sabrina Cognata is an award-winning writer, producer and storyteller. During a decade long meltdown, she burned her life to the ground and revamped it as often as Madonna. Sabrina has written or produced for HuffPost Live, CBS Radio, TMZ and XO Jane, and she’s currently producing a syndicated news show for FOX television while tirelessly fighting the patriarchy Every. Damn. Day.



  1. What a bunch of bullsh*t.

    “She says she’ll have sex with Tony and all his friends… Tony sits in the front seat of the car while Bobby drives around and their other friends take turns raping Annette.”

    Only an extremely biased, brainwashed twit (you can do better, Tracking Board!) could describe the immature teen boys of this era taking advantage of Annette’s offer (as pathetic as it was, and clearly based on her deep-seated insecurities) as rape. (As for he being too under the influence of alchohol and drugs to know what she was saying, the movie simply does not support that assertion; it is a bald-faced lie by the author of this missive to try to prove her point. And even if she was, it was her decision to take all of those drugs!)

    (And, ironically, elsewhere is this rant we’re told that it’s a fine thing for a woman to “embrace her sexuality”!)

    Further, only a biased, brainwashed twit would say that Tony tried to rape Stephanie because she wasn’t a good enough dancer. He was full of anger at the judges, his friends, and himself, and he started to take his rage and frustration out on her. (It has long been said that rape is more often a crime of violence than sex.) But fortunately he realizes in time that he is misplacing his rage. (If not, do you think Stephanie could really have put him off?) And in almost losing control he realizes he cannot go on with his old life any more, and that maybe he and Stephanie can help each other have better lives.

    I was never a huge fan of this movie (I saw the original R rated movie when it first came out), primarily because of how accurately it described how poorly people treat each other. But I now realize that is its value… for only in acknowledging the truth can we do better. To blame this movie for humanity’s ills, as the author of this diatribe does, is paving the way to hell.

    Thus, I will check first and avoid reading columns by this author in the future. I hope others will boycott her too, and that Tracking Board will find someone less brainwashed to take her place.

    • Except that in the movie, the ‘taking advantage’ is depicted as rape. Something that you might not have noticed when you saw the R rated version, but I did. It’s very clearly rape.

  2. It is, in fact, and has always been, exactly what you say in the last paragraph andI suppose it is ‘culturally significant’ for so accurately portraying a certain segment of society and certain social types. There were plenty of grittier films in the ’70s dealing with all toese issues: Carnal Knowledge, 5 Easy Pieces, Bob & Carol Ted & Alice, Looking for Mr Goodbar spring to mind, even The Graduate, for that matter. This was the era, after all of women’s lib, the pill, abortion rights, etc., and all those films recording various reactions to their times.

    Yes, Tony always was the narcissistic sleaze you describe. That so many women fell in love with Travolta thanks to the film, I guess says more about them. Hard to fathom, I agree. Though it was perhaps the inkling that he was on his way to improving in the end that did that. The film’s about class as well. Stephanie represents the ambition to pull yourself out of the quagmire you describe, which hasn’t totally disappeared today.

    I would add that the Bee Gee’s soundtrack had at least as much to do with the ensuing disco craze as the dance scenes. But I think you’re overgeneralizing. It was good to tackle the subject, and portray it honestly, But it was also the era of Woodstock, Harold and Maude, Annie Hall and others in that vein. Plus we always somehow forget the era of strong women characters that came before it – the Katherine Hepburns, Bette Davis, Crawford, Stanwyck, Bacall, Garbo, Dietrich, Joanne Woodward… there were tons. All highly popular stars, for decades.

  3. Mimi Pritchett Louiso on

    As a Femocrat, this is the most absurd article. People watch SNF for the tunes and Travolta on lit floors. I saw the movie as a teen in the theater. My NOW mother took me to see lots of 70’s films. What you fail to recognize in your article is that the 70’s were about ERA, Gloria Steinem and Ms. Magazine, women pushing the way for smart ass millennial article. I was educated at both a Women’s prep and Women’s College. I experienced sexual harassment in the workplace for years. I tell my stories to the discomfort of men, especially when I tell them it happened to me. Imagine your sister or daughter . Forget old white men. They’ll all be dead soon. Focus on parents to treat opposite sex with respect. My career gave me skin like armour. My women’s education gave me the mind and words to completely humiliate assholes. Both male and female. Quit assigning blame and be the solution.
    As a caveat, Seriously, Travolta is a gay teen in this movie trying to be as macho as possible. Watch it again keeping that thought in your head.
    I find it odd that you don’t have any problem with Ruth Gordon in Harold and Maude. Pretty Gross

  4. Sabrina, I congratulate you for this article. I watched the film some days ago and I just couldn’t believe the treatment on women and how this movie is still acclaimed today. Awful.

  5. Great article! After watching this movie today, for the first time, I got a real sad feeling. I love the music and the dancing and was looking forward to watching this movie after all good stuff I’ve heard about it, but now I feel sick or something. What a terrible fucking movie.

    One thing you forgot to bring up, that I reacted on, was when Tony was telling his father about the raise, while cleaning up after dinner, and his dad says “don’t do that, that’s for girls”, like wtf, why should women be housemaid slaves for men?! Makes me upset.

  6. I actually think this article should have been titled – a great way to read history or something more clever but what I’m saying is – the movie isn’t problematic. The movie was a sign of the times. The movie is great in that it depicts what was happening then. If we didn’t have it we couldn’t look back now and say holy crap that’s how it was! Just as the movies we are making now – in 20-30 years they will still be different but erasing the movies we made today would be not letting the 20-30 year generation from now know what NOW is like.

    I’m writing this now because I just rewatched it again tonight and it compelled me to google “Saturday night fever rape Annette” because that scene sickened me to see how it was normalized – but I actually think that being able to watch movies with messages created in a year where that was still the message, is important. It doesn’t make the movie problematic, it makes the times problematic, and it shows the viewer how much has changed.

  7. I was 6 when this movie came out, and I vaguely remember seeing the 1979 version on tv as a teen. I was appalled, as a 47 year old, to see an actual rape scene, with the girl saying “No, no, I don’t want to do this, please stop” be treated so cavalierly. The first guy could have been seen as regret during sex, but the second one it was clearly rape. And not a blink out of anyone in the movie. My stomach is turning. Not only that, but I had to actually add ‘rape’ to the google search before there was any reference to the scene.

    I am just stunned. I am not even sure how to react to this. Anyone who claims there is no such thing as rape culture needs to watch this with a woman they love.

    • Add to that the fact that many people today still do not believe that the Annette character was a victim of rape. The way ahe is framed so negatively in the film, whereas Travolta’s character gets a happy ending (after pretty much calling her a cunt for getting raped), is inexcusable and sickening.

  8. I remember SNF as exactly the way you describe it. The rape was horrifying to me, as was Tony’s indifferent response. I also recall a female friend in a somewhat abusive relationship, who said Annette got what she deserved because “she asked for it.”

    It was a disgusting movie.

  9. I just watched it tonight and was really shocked by the rape scenes at the end and the way they were sort of just brushed over. I would say Tony did try to stop his friends from doing the gang bang but then he just gave up. Annette was definitely pushing for it but then seemed to change her mind and definitely resisted and said no to the 2nd guy and Tony just sat there and listened to it happening. That was sickening and then after his friend fell to his death Tony just left Annette alone with those same two guys. Also when Annette was crying and really traumatized by the other friend falling off the bridge the two rapists were hugging her to comfort her? Like all was forgotten? That was really weird and didn’t make sense. Also, Tony taking his anger out on Stephanie to the point of almost raping her when she was clearly refusing his sexual advances was really upsetting as well and really soured the ending of the movie when we were supposed to feel hope and admiration for Tony. And the fact that Stephanie was so quickly forgiving to Tony didn’t make sense either. I dont know if that was really just everyone’s attitudes towards rape in the 70’s or if this movie was just vastly misunderstanding the aftermaths of these types of situations and what it does to the victim.

    Also, just in general, I felt that the creators of this movie really just disliked women. All the female characters besides the little girl (Tony’s little sister) were either playing a slut role or they were overbearing selfish mother types or they were desperate to lockdown a man into marriage. Only Stephanie was a bit less of the slut type as far as Tony saw it but she was also extremely materialistic and self absorbed.

    I still think there are good merits to the movie and in the pg cut of the movie without all the rapy scenes I imagine it is much easier to enjoy for the commentary it’s making on the disco era and on blue collar families in urban America. However now knowing after seeing the rated R cut with all of the true vision of the story and characters it’s hard to enjoy the movie or hold it in high regard.

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